Erich's Background

Erich`s Sharkschool

Erich is the head of the SharkSchool™, an organization that teaches divers, snorkelers, rescue swimmers and others how to interact with sharks, what to look for when entering the water and most importantly how to feel safe among sharks. He functions as a case investigator of the SHARK RESEARCH INSTITUTE's GSAF (Global Shark Attack File). He is also the chairman of SAVN™, the SHARK ACCIDENT VICTIM NETWORK, a non-profit organization to help shark victims. He has given lectures worldwide and has been a guest on many TV shows in the US and abroad. His publications and books found a worldwide audience.

Language of Sharks

Erich's main expertise is the body language of sharks, with a major interest in shark accidents and their causes. Many of the old theories of why sharks bite humans have been erased through his experiments, and new ideas proposed. He is the only shark expert to recreate many of the typical accident scenarios with the respective species. His understanding of potential reasons for shark accidents opened new doors in this field of research.

Erich is considered the top authority and pioneer in shark-human interaction. He developed the first shark-human interaction concept ADORE-SANE for swimmers, divers and snorkelers that allows safe interacting with any shark species under different conditions. He has spent the last twenty-five years collecting data from different shark species around the world. Besides some reef species, his primary focus is on Caribbean reef sharks, blacktips, lemons, tigers, oceanic whitetips and white sharks.

Some of Erich's scientific publications (2011 on):

Isci, E. T. & E. Ritter (2017). Comment on clinical features of 27 shark attack cases on La Reunion Island. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery.

Ritter, E. & R. Amin (2017). The importance of academic research in the field of shark-human interactions: A three-pronged approach to a better understanding of shark encounters. In: Chondrichthyes. L. F. da Silva Rodrigues Filho and J. B. de Luna Sales (eds). InTech, Rijeka, Croatia. (in print).

Amin, R., Ritter, E., Kulldorf, M., Barbas, A. & M. Schwarzmeier (2016). Sharksuckers, Echeneis naucrates, are non-randomly attached to the bodies of lemon sharks, Negaprion brevirostris: A spatial study. Environmental Sciences, 4 (1), 79–93.

Ritter, E.K. & A. Quester (2016). Do white shark bites on surfers reflect their attack strategies on pinnipeds? Journal of Marine Biology, dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9539010.

Ritter, E.K. & R. Amin (2016). Mouth cleaning of lemon sharks. Negaprion brevirostris, by sharksuckers, Echeneis naucrates. Copeia, 104 (3), 728–733.

Ritter, E.K. & R. Amin (2015). A study of stealth behavior in the proximity of divers. Open Journal of Animal Sciences, 5 (2), 224-228.

Ritter, E.K.  & F. Vargas (2015). On mating behavior of the blotched fantail ray, Taeniura meyeni. Environtal Sciences, http://www.m-hikari.com/es/es2015/es1-2015/4117.html

Levine, M., Collier, R.S., Ritter, E., Fouda, M. & V. Canabal (2014). Shark cognition and a human mediated driver of a spate of shark attacks. Open Journal of Animal Sciences, doi: 10.4236/ojas.2014.45033

Unger, R., Ritter, E., Osiyemi, O. & J. Goodman (2014). Antibiotic susceptibilities of bacteria isolated within the oral flora of Florida blacktip sharks: guidance for empiric antibiotic therapy. PlosOne. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0104577.

Amin, R., Ritter, E. & A. Wetzel (2014). An Estimation of Shark Attack Risk for the North and South Carolina Coast Line. Journal of Coastal Research, 31(5), 1253-1259.

Bentz, J., Dearden, P., Ritter, E. & H. Calado (2014). Shark diving in the Azores: Challenge and Opportunity.  Tourism in Marine Environments, 10, 71–83.

Ritter, E. (2014). Coasting of pelagic thresher sharks, Alopias pelagicus, in comparison to two other species of the same ecomorphotype, and the limitation of video capturing in natural settings. Environmental Sciences, 2(1), 13–23.

Ritter, E. & R. Amin (2014). Are Caribbean reef sharks, Carcharhinus perezi, able to perceive human body orientation? Animal Cognition, 17, 745–753.

Ritter, E. & L. J. V. Compagno (2013). First record of a smalltooth sandtiger shark, Odontaspis ferox (Risso, 1910), from the Galápagos Islands. Marine Biodiv. Records. doi:10.1017/S1755267213001115; Vol. 6; e130;

Ritter, E., Amin, R. & A. Zambesi (2013). Do lunar cycles influence shark attacks? Open Fish Science Journal, 6, 71-74.

Amin, R., Ritter, E. & L. Cossette (2013). An investigation of shark density and attack rates in California. Journal of Environmental Ecology, http://dx.doi.org/10.5296/jee.v3i1.2700.

Ritter, E. & L. V. C. Compagno (2013). Clasper flaring: maintenance behavior, or a normally hidden feature of male whitetip reef sharks, Triaenodon obesus? Open Fish Science Journal, 6, 10-12.

Amin, R, Ritter, E. & P. Kennedy (2012). A geospatial analysis of shark attack rates for the  East Coast of Florida: 1994-2009.Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology, 45(3), 185-198.

Ritter, E. (2012). A rare use of a shark’s pectoral fin? Scooping off a sharksucker from the flank area. Open Fish Science Journal, 5,  57-59.

Ritter, E. & R. Amin (2011). Effect of human body position on the swimming behavior of bull sharks, Carcharhinus leucas. Animal and Society, 20, 225-235.

Ritter, E. (2011). Use of sand ripples to enhance chafing in Caribbean reef sharks (Carcharhinus perezi) and blacktip shark (C. limbatus). Bulletin of Marine Science, 87(3), 413-419.